The brakes are one of the most crucial safety elements in a car and those who are subjected to increased wear. It is estimated that 25 percent of the cars that do not pass the ITV suffer anomalies or failures in the braking system. Perform basic maintenance is, therefore, essential. Check brake pads, the best brake controller and discs is a task that drivers should never forget.
Apart from this surveillance and control, there are many other precautions to keep the brakes in good condition and prevent excessive wear. Here we review some of them:
● Type conduction. The driving and the places where determinants in the process of wear pads and discs. If we move through mountainous areas, for example, we expose the vehicle to a greater braking effort and degree of friction. Obviously, in these cases, it is advisable to check the system more assiduously.
● Protect the braking system. To avoid overheating the brakes, you can slow down and switch to shorter marches declines mountain passes, for example.
● Heeding witnesses. Most modern vehicles have witnesses that indicate the degree of wear of the brakes.
● Clues. If the pedal sinks underfoot, if it is too loud and if we notice small vibrations or squeaking can be a problem in the brake system.
● Check brakes every 20,000 kilometers in normal circumstances. Just keep in mind that the braking distance decisively influences the state in which the whole system is. An 110 km / h these ranges vary from 10 meters, with following safety problems.
● Use approved brake pads. To make sure this end, we must check the boxes go marked with the approval number ECE R-90. This numbering is also shown on the tablet itself.
● They are useful tips for our vehicle brakes and our safety. Finally, we must remember that the brake pads require a short between 500 and 1000 kilometers. In this adaptation period, they are less efficient because the surface is still completely smooth. Precautions such as increasing the safety distance or avoid rough and long braking are never over.
Ten tricks to keep the brakes in good condition
Did you know that 25% of cars that do not pass the ITV deficiencies in the brake system? Drivers do not usually worry about degradation of brake pads and discs until an unforeseen happens. But having a safer car is easy if you make proper maintenance tasks:
1. Depending on the driving your car components will be exposed to more or less wear. In the brake system parts are suffering more wear pads and brake discs. Drivers who often present the car to a greater braking effort (mountain paths, driving the car at full load, occasional overheating of the brake system, etc.) should check the brakes more often.
Driving less sharply reduces fuel consumption and wear of the friction system. The use of the engine brake also increases the life of the brake system, “he adds.
2. Do not abuse the brakes to keep them warm. They last longer in good condition. You can slow down the vehicle with the gearbox, in particular on a long downhill (mountain passes).
3. Heed witnesses the car. Today most cars have warning systems and brake wear a light on the instrument panel will warn you in advance. If you feel the brake pedal is spongy or sink to the bottom when depressed, there may be air bubbles in the hydraulic circuit. Take him to the car to the garage to make sure.
4. If you notice a small vibration step on the brake, check that the brake pads and discs are in good condition. In braking at high speed, a vibration in the steering wheel may indicate that some part of the system is in bad shape, the wheels are unbalanced, or brake discs are warped.
5. If you see you have to hit the brakes too hard to slow, most likely pads or brake discs are damaged. You may also have grease or brake fluid tablets or a small amount of brake fluid. The workshop will address these questions.
6. If the brake pedal sinks when you step, there may be a leak in the brake circuit or the brake pads are worn. You’ll have to review the entire brake circuit, check that the brake fluid reservoir is in good condition and perhaps replace the brake pads.
7. When replacing brake pads, without changing discs, can you hear squeaks? But they can also indicate that something is not right in our brake system: particles (oxide, metal) on the pads, discs damaged or also worn microscopic quality or pills.
8. If your car brakes are worn braking distance increases and will have more chances of having an accident. Check the brakes when the car passes the workshop for any maintenance: oil change, filters … You should never let more than 20,000 km without testing the system. The braking distance depends on the brake system, the condition of the tires and shock absorbers. At a speed of 110 km / h, there may be differences of 10 meters braking distance, security keys.
9. The workshop decides what you want me to put brakes your car. According to a study by Road House, almost all Spanish drivers ensures that the brakes are the most important for driving safety but only 13.4% personally choose which components of the braking system mounted on your vehicle. Electronic braking and stability to a car aids are of little use if the brake pads and discs do not have enough quality and safety. Take advice before and discover what lay your vehicle brakes. You will drive more quiet.
10. Make sure you install brake pads are approved. Boxes brake pads must be marked with the approval number ECE R-90, which ensures that the pills meet established safety standards. This number must also be indicated on the surface of the brake pad itself. Demands in your workshop see the packaging of the parts you have installed in your car to make sure.